The Buenos Aires Governorate, The United Provinces of South America, The United Provinces of the Río de la Plata, the Argentine Confederation and the Argentine Republic, against the British Empire.
300 years of successive Invasions, Military, Commercial and Cultural in our territory, and to our citizens, the United Kingdom of the Great Britain, carries on from 1711 and to the present with their systematic plan to take over our Country.
As a matter of fact, few Argentineans know that well our history, there are many causes of this, political issues, intentional ways of education to determined sectors of the population, employment of Sepoys, and in some cases even several types of corruption, would be some of those causes.
Truth to be told it’s that we all had been taught our history as a conformation of common belief to serve the necessary model of Nation, leaving out the rest, as if it weren’t useful, definitively a very partial history.
The Facts are that even after 300 years of successive:
1- Territorial invasions.
2- Naval blockades to the De La Plata River.
3- Piracy and predation in our seas of the South Atlantic
4- Meddling in domestic policies.
5- Interference to our international trade.
6- Alliances with major powers against us.
7- Bribery of citizens and national institutions.
8- Seeding of distrust, hatred and discord with our neighbors.
9- Appropriation of our natural resources.
10- Undercover buy by vast stretches of land in areas of Argentine border and within the "National Security Zones"
11- Appropriation of our basic industries.
12- Interference in our scientific and technological poles.
13- Military, commercial and industrial espionage.
14- Diplomatic pressure on each and every one of the international organizations and jurisdictions.
15- Threats to the use of military force, including nuclear weapons.
16- No compliance with international resolutions in our favor.
All of us have been told only of the two British Invasions to Buenos Aires, in 1805 and 1806, that took place during the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, leaving out the rest of the invasions planed and / or realized to the Argentine Republic or those currently perpetrated by counting as strong ally, the European Community.
To date, the United Kingdom of Great Britain, had invaded us more than 50 times, using military, diplomatic and commercial forces, British alone, or with the circumstantial allies, as France, Portugal, Italy, The U.S. Chile, Brazil, Uruguay, the Organization of American States the United Nations, and the European Community, being the British those who from 1711 have been at the forefront of all these outrages, always with the same goal, to submit us to colony.
It may happen that this analysis doesn’t take into account some type of invasion, but anyways, it helps to refresh the memory and as recognition to all those Criollos that gave up their lives, their families, their lands and their future, at the successive reactions of the Argentine People again the British Empire and their Allies.
Priors of the 300 years of British Invasions:
As a matter of fact we have been taught that the invasions of 1806 and 1807 were 1st and 2nd , but the account of invasions goes as far as eleven at the Hispanic Era and as high as forty-nine at our Independent development era. Before make reference to them, we have to take some things into consideration.
Argentine and Uruguay are the American countries that in the course of their history have lost the most amount of lost coastline. It can be told that Bolivia has lost all their Pacific Coast, it’s true, but Uruguay and partly Argentina had lost a much bigger extension than Bolivia.
If we begin at the point that our original territory was initially the Virreynato of the Alto Peru, and after 1776, the one of the Virreynato of the Rio de la Plata, we have lost the maritime coastline from Santa Catalina Island (Brazil), to the Actual border between Brazil and Uruguay at Chuy.
Going down to the South, from 1810, Argentina has lost at least the half of the Magellan’s Strait, and Lenox, Picton, and Nueva Islands, which are south of the Beagle Channel and facing the Atlantic Ocean.
Up Until 1826, the coast fo the Alto Peru (today Bolivia) over the Pacific, belong first to the Virreynato of the Rio de la Plata, and thereafter to the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata, Even Puerto de Cobija, renamed by the Grand Marshall Antonio José de Sucre in 1825 as La Mar Port, belong to the Salta Province Jurisdiction
As of today we are not sovereign over our great islands of the South Atlantic, as the Malvinas, South Georgias, and South Sandwich, and even in the Argentine Antarctic Territory.
In fact Brazil has their Trinidad Island over the Atlantic at 1.200 km East of Rio de Janeiro; Ecuador keeps the Galapagos Islands over the Pacific at 1.050 km West of their Coast and Chile has the Juan Fernandez and Pascuas Islands, the last one also in the Pacific at more than 3.000km West of their continental coast.
In general almost every American nation had kept their Islands, although Venezuela has lost Trinidad.But none like Argentina has suffered and continues to suffer such a sustained and constant pressure of the British Empire.
In the Hispanic era could comprehend the pressure and the attack on Spain in a struggle of dominance, Spain and France on one side, united by Bourbon family ties and since 1761 by the "Family Pact" and in the other side, powerful England, forming its empire based on their sea power and its industrial advancement.
In the independent era, aggression is much less justifiable. The Argentina gained independence relying on the English aid in arms and ammunition. It is true that pays the hard price of economic dependence, but that was the real purpose of the aid of the United Kingdom of Great Britain.
The Argentines were very good friends with England, we become your supplier of leather, fats and meats, we adapt to their needs and conditions, but we were attacked militarily in the Parana River in Malvinas, in the Southern Atlantic and Antarctic, being allies and at plain peace.
Times have changed; Argentina has achieved economic independence, but still the irritating English presence in part of its territory, even when at peace and looking for reparations that take too long to take place.
Not everything was negative in this English rule of our economy, and we cannot overemphasize the English push on human enterprises and vigor of its institutions, but the nation of Nelson, Wellington, Locke and Shakespeare should recognize that other nation that have had San Martín, Belgrano, Brown, Alberdi, Rivadavia, Mitre, Sarmiento and Roca, cannot keep having occupied the Falklands, its southern islands and Antarctica, with arguments based and supported on their strength.
That loss of coasts, islands and territories withstand by Argentina, by a pressure which is the largest made by the "Queen of the Seas" to a South American country, it certainly has other factors cause, but the English action has been decisive.
Our lack of maritime awareness, born of colonial problems and the existence of a vast and rich land of weak demographics has influenced to allow certain British actions.
What were the reasons for England to intervene more in Argentina than in other South American nations? There are probably several and we will expose those briefly:
Undoubtedly there was a basic political motive that was to consolidate the power of the British Empire, an important and rich area with great potential possibilities.
We consider it very important the geopolitical and naval reasons because it is the South Atlantic a sea of growing strategic importance as Britain was concerned to dominate the Argentina or any of its parts, such as the Banda Oriental, now Uruguay as well as dominoes in Singapore, India, Ceylon, South Africa and Gibraltar.
All these positions are or were dominant passage between seas, Capital for a maritime power. As well as from the Cape of Good Hope passage from the Atlantic Ocean dominates the Indian, from Colonia del Sacramento and Buenos Aires used to dominate the Paraguay - Paraná Waterway, to the heart of Mato Grosso Brazil, navigation the Uruguay River, at all its navigable tributaries as the Bermejo River, Pilcomayo and Carcaraña or from the Falklands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and the Antarctic Peninsula, the passage from the Atlantic Ocean dominates the Southern Pacific.
The latter domain began to have enormous importance since the late sixteenth century until 1914, when the Panama Canal opened. Its potential importance subsists and now grows with the possibility of cancellation of the Canal by sabotage or presence in the seas of oil, gas carriers, bulk carriers and ore giants, whose dimensions do not allow for the use of the Panama Canal.
The economic motives gave importance to Argentina and their seas, were another of the important factors into account to motive the repeated aggressions
Since 1680 when Don Manuel Lobo Founded Colonia del Sacramento, forward base of the Portuguese penetration into the De La Plata River, this town was the biggest center of lawfull commerce and contraband in the Virreynato of the Alto Peru( years later will be founded the Virreynato of the Rio de la Plata). The Buenos Aires Governorate grew up with the smuggling made by the British, Portuguese, Dutch and the French. The Viceroy personnel looked the other way, while the local merchants and the Merchant Spanish commerce got affected.
Also, since 1776 Silver from Cerro Rico de Potosi (now Bolivia) had to get to and from Buenos Aires. The cattle wealth, raw hides , antlers bait or salt beef jerky, were obtained and sold very cheap and all kinds of manufactured products which lacked the virreinato, especially quality textiles were acquired.
England was the first nation to develop its industrial revolution and since 1770, excelled by 30 or 50 years to the rest of Europe. With excess production had to seek markets or whether it was feasible, place them on colonies. If they could also draw from those markets cheap raw materials, much better. To this must be added that in those years they had also lost its colonies in North America and the River Plate not only met all the conditions, but potentially was an extraordinary business.
Also the advantages of our ports and waterways were appreciated by the authorities and Portuguese and Dutch traders . The trade was encouraged by them to our shores and hence into the Spanish territory. Not being equal in thought and action of the Spanish authorities, who imposed a trade monopoly tight and closed primarily in the South Sea
The Spanish trade system (few ports, colonial extraction system) imposed since the colonies were sent to Europe Plata primary livestock products (mainly leather, bait), as well as direct and indirect way (smuggling) precious metal . They were supplied with Spanish products arriving with little regularity, high costs and in most cases very poor quality.
In contrast the British system of trade, driven from the material by the industrial revolution and based on the ideas of the scotish Adam Smith and the French Francois Quesnay with his laissez faire, laissez passer, (let do let pass) sets out to conquer the world in a hand brandishing industrial products and in the other the sword.
These ideas of "let do, let pass" were applied by the British crown to its foreign policy, in a combination of private and public interests (geopolitical and socio-economic). Entrepreneurs were left alone to take the initiative on the various expeditions which should also to the economic returns serve the interests of the crown. Example of these companies is the East India Company that promoted the invasion of India in 1757.
Also, anothere economic circumstance prevailed in the last century to the "English maritime invasion" wealth in the pinnipeds and whales from our Patagonian coasts and seas, Malvineros and Antarctic. From the third decade of the eighteenth century to the present day, first the British, then the Americans, French, Norwegian, Dutch, South African, have devastated our seas, hunting hundreds of thousands of cetaceans and pinnipeds on the numbers ofseveral million, to near extinction species and in others mass destruction. Today, the Russian, Japanese and Chinese continue this story.
Finally, other economic circumstances have had the interest of the Empire over our territory, the industrial fishing activities of the live resources of our Southern Sea, the exploitation of Oil and Gas Resources of the Argentinean subsurface. both in the islands and on the Antarctic and underwater platforms, strategic minerals such as gold, silver and rare earths and freshwater from the Andean glaciers and the Mesopotamian wetlands.