2006 - New British Invasion to the Argentine Sea - Illegal Fishing Licenses
The controversial fishing licenses are the new economic livelihood of the Malvinas this business allows Falklanders have the highest per capita incomes in America.
Foreign vessels extracted each year between 14% and 16% of fish caught in the Argentine fishery. Long ago the authorities of the island renewed for 25 years the permits.
The decision of the authorities of Malvinas by that period to renew fishing licenses lit some concern time ago the Argentine government since this measure, meant a drastic change in policy that the kelpers had been developing in that regard.
So far, permits fishing around the islands were granted for only one year and try to grant them the fact for a much longer term, clearly marked the British will to persist for a quarter century with the exploitation of a resource that Argentina considers it's own.
This was one of the axes of the presentation made to the Committee on Decolonization of the United Nations Argentine Foreign Minister Jorge Triana, who questioned the "unilateral decisions" taken by Britain in the islands and claimed that the country is to negotiate the issue of sovereignty.
Issuing permits for those kelpers is their main source of income and are expected to generate revenue of about $ 40 million a year.
Thus, vessels of various flags currently access a forbidden territory for the Argentines and captured thousands of tons of species of high commercial value.
It is a dispute over the handling of resources that are being exploited by the British colonial government and fishing companies from diverse backgrounds, less for the Argentine.
After decades of relying on wool, from 1986 Britain established a Fisheries Conservation Zone around the archipelago.
From there the islands began living from the sale of licenses, mainly squid and hake that abound in the waters of the Atlantic.
These became millionaires income for the up until then kelpers farmers, who became the inhabitants with the highest per capita income in the Americas, including the United States and Canada.
It is estimated that the gross national product of the islands is 75 million to distribute among just about 3000 inhabitants.
Catches in 2005:
In 2005, the islands were captured 123,000 tons of fish, squid in its majority.
This represented between 14% and 16% of the total catch in the Argentine fishery made around 2005.
This year there was an episode of tension between Britain and Argentina, because of one of the vessels allowed to operate in the Malvinas joined national waters and was captured by an Argentine Coast Guard.
The fishing was "John Cheek" and his case brought to light the curious situation in which there are several companies that operate in the islands.
This vessel is part of the fleet of a joint venture which involved Spanish capitals which are also based in the Patagonia Argentina. The case reignited claims Argentine businessmen to once and for all that these companies are prevented from operating in Malvinas while they do on the continent, are deported.
From this were presented bills for these companies be penalized by the Argentine government, for ignoring the sovereignty over the islands Argentina.
But the existing law is clear and foresees the withdraw licenses to any company illegally operating in the Exclusive Economic Zone. For the government, the waters of the islands are part of its territory and, therefore, any vessel operating there illegally does according to national standards, as envisaged by the Chancellor Taiana.
Argentine Foreign Minister rejected the applicability of the principle of self-determination for the people of the Falkland Islands on the grounds that it is "a British population transplanted with the aim of establishing a colony."