1933 - New British Economic Invasion - Pact Roca – Runciman
A first of May of 1933, the Argentine government signed in the capital of the United Kingdom the "Treaty of London", better known as Roca-Runciman Pact, by which Argentine livestock fatteners tried to save the high profitability of your business, even at the expense of our country accept dilapidated conditions imposed by the counterparty.
The Argentine problem was that the UK since 1922 had begun to rethink its relationship with the imperial colonies and already in a conference with representatives of the same in 1923 in London had begun to speak of giving them advantages in trade, such as not buying goods in third markets when they are produced within the cluster of future nations
That benefiting clearly to countries like Australia, Canada, New Zealand and South Africa and harmed, also clearly, traditional providers as the two nations of the Rio de la Plata, Argentina and Uruguay, since all those were able to provide meat and cereals, should join the claims of farmers from the UK which also claimed protectionist measures
In 1932 there was a key fact. The Conference of the Commonealth (British Commonwealth) met in Ottawa, created a few years earlier, and the "Imperial Preference" were agreed that established precisely everything that had been stating. So Australia emerged as the main rival of Argentine beef on the market in England and the shock of the Argentine fatteners that had driven the 1929 treaty became panic.
That's how the administration of President Justo found himself embarking on a new negotiation carried out the vice president Roca and British Foreign Minister, Walter Runciman, during the first Labour government of that country led by Ramsay McDonald, and allowed the fatteners maintain good level of exports, leaving out of business breeders, although somewhat below historical levels.
Precisely the position of the breeders, grouped in the Confederation of Rural Associations of Buenos Aires and La Pampa (CARBAP) from the previous year, was exposed in the Senate by Lisandro de la Torre, who questioned thoroughly in the Treaty of London the famous "Debate on meat" during the course of which the Commissioner Pedro Valdez Cora killed in session to another PDP senator, Enzo Bordabehere Casiano, uruguayan based in Santa Fe
By that time the Uruguayan government also tried negotiating a similar but the line of De Tomasso, who was left out of the negotiations. This was to ensure that the odds facing the UK was run by the governments of these countries and not by the traditional pool of exporting meat packers businesses linked to the fatteners and the shipping companies.
The advantages obtained by the British in exchange for buying Argentinean meat were enormous.
Among other things, "the the most preciated pearl of the British crown" when saying of Argentina by Vice President Roca, was more closely linked than ever to British interests to the point that they had to accept a mechanism of change that virtually only allowed imports from this source since the same was a tariff barrier that locked the possibility to equip the employers in the U.S., mainly Germany or other countries.
In 1933 the Royal Mail issued a series of commemorative stamps of the the Malvinas invasion of a century earlier. The Argentine government reacted harshly and instructed officials to consider Correo Argentino for all correspondence will arrive to the country with those stamps as "devoid of postage" so that the recipient would pay therefore the fine established by ordinary law.
Given this reaction, the government of His Majesty merely made a presentation to the Universal Postal Union, which claimed that the Argentine government violated the conventions of the organization, since the islands were under British administration.
There was no other public reaction, although the Foreign Office privately protested about the colonial administration for its reckless proceeding, demanding to be informed before any other actions concerning the service.