1862 - FIRST BRITISH RAILWAY MARKET BASED. INVASION OF ARGENTINA
The birth of Argentina rail network:
Argentina's rail network construction began in the second half of IXX century. It was an effective way to consolidate a country model designed by the men of the generation of the '80. In 1857 the Western Railway, which linked Floresta / Plaza Lavalle and was the first to operate in Argentina, and built entirely with national capitals.
The first railways were made with the national effort, but the Liberal government made a shameful surrender, giving land and ensuring rates and profits based on the balances of their own British companies whose managers or advisers were often also government officials.
Mitre as president he adopted a liberal policy of delivery to the English capital.
Delivers also railways, including those already built with national capital, as the "West" and to open season "Sud" (1862) said in his speech:
"Who is behind this progress? Gentlemen, is the English capital ".
Years later British and French capitals built new segments to access the ports of Buenos Aires, Rosario, Mar del Plata, Bahía Blanca and Neuquén. In 1870 there were 772 kilometers of track. Since then, and for several decades, in Argentina a real railway fever broke out.
In 1900 the figure had risen to 16,500 kilometers of roads, amount doubled in 1915 when Argentina, with 33 thousand kilometers, was placed among the ten countries with the highest mileage of railways worldwide.
The rapid railway expansion was fueled by the political interest of the presidencies of Avellaneda, Mitre, Sarmiento and Roca who used the new transport as an effective mechanism to control the country.
Argentina kept in those years, areas with clear indigenous domain, it took intense military campaigns to exterminate them.
While the railways, in those years, collaborated to improve the collection of customs, strengthening the Buenos Aires dominion over the rest of the provinces, foreign capital had greater economic interest.
The English control over our railways:
It was the English who found freight trains as a rapid and effective means in the process of moving raw materials to port areas, and from there ship them to Europe
At the beginning of the century, railway development and agricultural growth boosted their exports to Europe. A development that had been offset by stagnation in industrial Argentina. Were years where our country mattered, from the old continent, products manufactured with raw material from Argentina. A situation denounced by politicians with popular support sectors, such as the Santa Fe progressive Lisandro de la Torre or personalist Hipólito Yrigoyen.
In 1947 of the 42,700 kilometers of existing roads, 29,000 had been built by private and foreign capital. British capital financed the growth of the railway network, while conditioned the development of the national industry. Companies in the business which intermediated were generally British and belonged to the same group of interest that invested in the railway network.
1948 - Over the years, Argentina sealed in their history as the infamous decade, the nationalization of the railways became a cause that served a cultural process with axis in the national revaluation. Understanding which represented the railway network serving a country struggling to break the bonds of dependency imposed by the British policy in the Río de la Plata massified.
The General Perón did not miss that time, he transformed the nationalization of the railways in the most important political action of his first years in office.