1790-1798-1801-1804 - NEW INVASION PLANS to Buenos Aires

Not a few American supporters of independence saw the Anglo possible support obtained in exchange for the promise of future commercial advantage, a means to separate from Spain. These economic concessions (ie opening ports to British trade) moreover, far from being detrimental favored the recent local bourgeoisie.

This is how in 1790, 1798, 1801 and 1804 the Venezuelan patriot Francisco de Miranda introduced successive projects to the London cabinet to realize these ideas. An bold English sailor Commodore Home Popham, was closely linked to these negotiations. Former Peruvian Jesuit Juan Pablo Vizcardo also tried this way, no concrete results.

Face of these facts the government of Her Britannic Majesty had reason to suppose that its action in Latin America would not be badly received by the Creoles. The subsequent relationship between England and the American republics after the emancipation of them proves that the interests of this nation and indeed the American merchant groups were common.

Until 1804 the British refrained from concrete action to not worsen already tense relations with Spain. The outbreak of war following the capture by England of Spanish ships loaded with gold secretly intended to provide subsidies to Napoleon (price to be paid by Spain for its apparent neutrality) took the political barriers that had previously halted the projects

However, the situation in Europe had another variant: Russia hoped to attract Spain against Napoleon; a hostile action of England would spoil those plans.

The position of the Netherlands as an ally of Napoleon gave an excuse to the cabinet led by William Pitt, to order the seize of the Dutch Cape Colony in South Africa point of great strategic value because it controlled the route to India andat the same time that served as the basis for future operations in the South Atlantic.

An English fleet under the command of Commodore Home Popham led Major General David Baird to Cape Town. After landfall on the coast of Brazil, the expedition occupied the Dutch colony in South Africa on January 18, 1806.

Popham, who knew Pitt favorable to the projects on America thought he saw a chance to realize them to learn of the success of Nelson in Trafalgar which eliminated any possibility of French incursions on Africa or India, leaving available forces and the free seas for the British pavilion while any attempt to attract an alliance with Spain became sterile.

In his opinion the reasons that prevented the realization of the American company had disappeared. The versions that received favorable dispositions on some Creoles to Her Britannic Majesty and the public anger against the Spanish Crown decided to the daring Popham. He managed to convince Baird and this one provided him with some troops under the command of Brigadier General William Carr Beresford in London, while Pitt had died January 12, 1806 and the new integrated government by members of the Whig Party under the leadership of Lord Grenville unaware projects Pitt, who was a member of the Tory Party. Nevertheless, London would invade Buenos Aires in 1806 and then in 1807. without lasting success